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Clinically significant macular oedema (CSMO)

Clinically significant macular oedema (CSMO)

Clinically significant macular oedema (CSMO) • Retinal thickening within 500 µm of the centre of the macula ( upper left). • Exudates within 500 µm of the centre of the macula, if associated with retinal thickening (which may be outside the 500 µm –  upper right). • Retinal thickening one disc area (1500 µm) or larger, any part of which ... Read More »

Diabetic macular oedema

Diabetic macular oedema

Diabetic macular oedema is the most common cause of visual impairment in diabetic patients, particularly type 2. Diffuse retinal oedema is caused by extensive capillary leakage, and localized oedema by focal leakage from microaneurysms and dilated capillary segments.With further accumulation of fluid the fovea assumes a cystoid appearance (cystoid macular oedema – CMO). Signs. Retinal thickening is best detected by ... Read More »

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