Yellow-white retinal lesions or deposits at the macula are caused by a wide range of conditions and can lead to vision loss. Causes of Yellow White Retinal Lesion: Drusen and drusen-like conditions Hard exudates Cotton wool spots Retinal Infiltrate Choroidal neovascularization Chorioretinal scar Crystalline maculopathies Flecked retinal syndromes 1- Drusens: are tiny yellow or white accumulations of extracellular material that build up between Bruch’s membrane and ... Read More »
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Central Serous Chorioretinopathy CSR (Mushroom or Umbrella Leak) -An idiopathic disorder involving a...
Diabetic Cotton wool spots Accumulations of neuronal debris within the nerve fibre layer. They resul...
Non-rhegmatogenous (Exudative) Retinal Detachment Key Facts • Elevation of retina from accumulatio...
Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) -Dragging of the retinal vasculature from the disc. -The...
Vogt Koyanagi Harada Syndrome Fundus Fluorescein Angiography showing pooling of dye in the subretina...
Bilateral Optic Disc Swelling for DD By Dr.Ahmed Ali What do you think about these photos of a young male 11years old with VA OD CF and OS PL with good projection of light free anterior segment? By Dr.Mohamed Gamal Elghobaier: Bilateral papilledema ( elevated disc with obscuration of blood vessels and pripapillary hge) which is long standind not acute. ... Read More »
Macular edema in Retinal vein occlusion By Dr.Ahmed Saleh Macular edema in vein occlusion Is there any protocol to treat? By Dr.Ameen Marashi :AntiVEGF monthly for 6 months then PRN for another 6 months with IOP monitoring.If you had a refractory edema then try Micropluse laser (Subthreshold diode Micropluse laser (the laser Ray is chopped to pulses so it won’t induce ... Read More »
Operculated Retinal Tear By Dr. Ameen Marashi 35 years old complaining from floaters .What is your Diagnosis and Management? By Dr.Juan Jose Cueto Gomez Photocoagulation 3 rows around it. Is he a myope? Search for more lesions. By Dr.Danilo Iannetta Retinal tear with perilesional edema and i can see the anterior shadow in the vitreous but i can’t see if ... Read More »
Retinal Capillary Haemangioma By Dr.Ameen Marashi Young female What is your Diagnosis ? By Dr.Ahmad Ateya haemangioma By Dr.Ameen Marashi Treated by Transpupillary Thermotherapy (TTT) Photocoagulation Retinal capillary hemangiomas are usually orange red, circumscribed, round, vascular tumors supplied by a pair of dilated and tortuous feeder vessels. They are most commonly located in the temporal peripheral retina. Juxtapapillary retinal capillary hemangiomas are ... Read More »
Retinal Ischeamia By Dr.Ameen Marashi Describe what you see and what is your approach ?!! By Dr.Reena Sorokhaibam Capillary non perfusion areas, venous beading, microaneurysm, nve suggesting retinal ischeamia. PRP as treatment. By Dr.Ahmad Ateya capillary droup out AV crossing changes. By Dr.Mohamed Talal Abdel Rahman nve+micro anueryms+ capillary dropout due to ischaemia.Some of the micro anuerysms are leaking(decompensated) there ... Read More »
Age Related Macular Degeneration ( ARMD without CNVM ) By Dr.Ameen Marashi This 73 years old patient suffers from reduced central vision Your Diagnosis and Approach? By Dr.Farhan Bashir Balroo ARMD without CNVM ( no leak on FFA) Macular degeneration, often age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD), is a medical condition that usually affects older adults and results ... Read More »
Causes of Papilledema Papilledema is an optic disc swelling that is secondary to elevated intracranial pressure. In contrast to other causes of optic disc swelling, vision usually is well preserved with acute papilledema. Papilledema almost always presents as a bilateral phenomenon and may develop over hours to weeks. The term, as a matter of definition, is incorrect to be used to ... Read More »
Choroidal Nevus By Dr.Ameen Marashi This patient has been followed up for many years because of this appearance with VA 20/20 What is your approach?! By Dr.Lei Lei Win Choroidal naevusexclude melanoma first.Document fundus photographs for growth, USS (localized flat or slightly elevated lesion with high internal acoustic reflectivity) ,FFA (avascular, hypofluorescence due to blockage of background choroidal fluorescence by ... Read More »
Retinal Diseases Signs In One Picture Bone spicule pigments (BSP): are a hallmark of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) Chorioretinal Atrophy: is a condition of the eye where both the choroid and retina are damaged. This causes them to wither away and stop working. Causes: Infection is the most common cause of Chorioretinal Atrophy Toxoplasmosis Toxocara Cytomegalovirus Cold Sore Virus Chicken ... Read More »