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Ophthalmology Atlas and Photos of cases.Discussion of Diagnosis and management

Vitreomacular Traction with Impending Macular Hole

Vitreomacular Traction with Impending Macular Hole

Vitreomacular Traction with Impending Macular Hole By Dr.Henry Reis 65yo Japanese female, VA 20/60- sudden onset. What’s your diagnosis? Source: Ophthalmology Atlas(Photos of cases) Vitreomacular Traction with Impending Macular Hole Read More »

Progressive subretinal fibrosis Case

Progressive subretinal fibrosis

Progressive subretinal fibrosis By Dr.Gehad Elnahri Right eyes of a brother and sister with progressive subretinal fibrosis This is the second family, i presented 3 sibs a while ago from another family     Source: Ophthalmology Atlas(Photos of cases) Progressive subretinal fibrosis Read More »

Preretinal haemoorhage with YAG laser hyaloidotomy

Preretinal haemoorhage with YAG laser hyaloidotomy

Preretinal haemoorhage with YAG laser hyaloidotomy By Dr.Hala Abdulwahab Name the sign, and interpret the two OCT pictures Courtesy of Dr. Amgad El-Adawy Thank u Dr. By Dr.Mohamed Sehem It is sub ILM haemorrhage being drained into the subhyaloid space giving the double ring sign, one oct shows sub ILM accumulation of blood shadowing what lies behind , with area ... Read More »

Peripheral non perfusion in diabetic retinopathy

Default Peripheral non perfusion in diabetic retinopathy

 Peripheral non perfusion in diabetic retinopathy By Ameen Marashi When examining a patient with Diabetic retinopathy it is important to examine the peripheral funds specially using fluorescein angiography which tells us the perfusion status of the peripheral retina and thus can be important prognostic factor of progression of diabetic retinopathy. The peripheral retina can be either normal, areas of non ... Read More »

Retinitis Punctata Albescens Case

Retinitis Punctata Albescens

Retinitis Punctata Albescens By Anand Moirangthem 25yr old male with no significant eye complaint, with vision 6/6 both eyes, no h/o night blindness.Diagnosis? Source:  Ophthalmology Atlas(Photos of cases)   Retinitis Punctata Albescens Read More »

Non-rhegmatogenous (Exudative) Retinal Detachment

Non-rhegmatogenous (Exudative) Retinal Detachment

Non-rhegmatogenous (Exudative) Retinal Detachment  Key Facts  • Elevation of retina from accumulation of fluid, exudate, or blood in the subretinal space in the absence of retinal break or traction • The pathophysiology includes: • breakdown of the blood–retinal barrier (e.g. central serous retinopathy, Harada disease) • an increase in fluid flow into the subretinal space (e.g. choroidal tumors, malignant hypertension) ... Read More »

Choroideremia

Choroideremia

Choroideremia  Key Facts  • Bilateral • X-linked recessive • Most common hereditary choroidal dystrophy • Occurs in first and second decades • Nyctalopia Clinical Findings  • Early in the disease course, retinal findings in the midperiphery can have a salt and pepper appearance or be similar to early retinitis pigmentosa with bone spicule pigmentation • Choroidal atrophy starts at the ... Read More »

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Shaken Baby Syndrome  Key Facts • Retinal findings that occur following violent shaking of an infant • Clinical findings are usually bilateral Clinical Findings • Diffuse intraretinal hemorrhage • Subretinal hemorrhage • Vitreous or subhyaloid hemorrhage • Optic disc swelling • Cotton wool spots • Venous engorgement • Chorioretinal atrophy (chronic) Ancillary Testing • Ultrasound when vitreous hemorrhage • Consultation ... Read More »

Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy ( AION )

Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy ( AION )

Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy ( AION ) Infarction of optic nerve head just posterior to lamina cribrosa due to inadequate perfusion by posterior ciliary arteries; results in acute visual loss. 2 forms: arteritic (giant cell arteritis); nonarteritic (ischemic). Findings:decreased color vision and acuity, positive RAPD, VF loss (altitudinal or arcuate defects most common, central scotomas also occur), unilateral optic disc ... Read More »

Optic Neuritis

Optic Neuritis

Optic Neuritis Inflammation of optic nerve; idiopathic or associated with systemic disease; most common optic neuropathy in people <45 years old; female preponderance. Findings: acute unilateral visual loss (can evolve over 1st week, then spontaneous improvement over weeks [70% regain 20/20]), ocular pain exacerbated by eye movements, decreased color vision and contrast sensitivity, positive RAPD, VF defect (50% diffuse, 20% ... Read More »

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